Implementasi Kewarisan Pada Keluarga Penyandang Disabilitas di Desa Karangpatihan (Perspektif Sosiologi Hukum)

Mahendra, Arip (2022) Implementasi Kewarisan Pada Keluarga Penyandang Disabilitas di Desa Karangpatihan (Perspektif Sosiologi Hukum). Masters thesis, IAIN Ponorogo.

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Abstract

ABSTRAK

Arip Mahendra, NIM 503200004, 2022. Implementasi Kewarisan Pada Keluarga Penyandang Disabilitas Di Desa Karangpatihan (Perspektif Sosiologi Hukum)

Di dalam pembahasan warisan terdapat dua aspek penting yaitu aset/harta dan kerabat/keluarga. Maka, warisan harus diatur supaya terwujud keadilan hak dan kewajiban di antara ahli waris. Tetapi, ahli waris yang sudah ditetapkan di dalam pedoman hukum waris tidak selamanya memiliki mental dan kesehatan yang sempurna atau penyandang disabilitas. Ahli waris penyandang disabilitas secara implisit dijelaskan tetap memiliki hak mendapatkan warisan, walaupun melihat penyandang disabilitas tidak dapat melakukan perbuatan hukum atau suatu perjanjian dan kewajiban, yang mana di dalam manjadi ahli waris berarti ada kewajiban untuk mengelola harta warisan tersebut sehingga bermanfaat bagi keluarga yang ditinggalkan. Dengan demikian, peneliti ingin menganalisis lebih lanjut bagaimana implementasi kewarisan pada masyarakat Desa Karangpatihan, Kecamatan Balong, Kabupaten Ponorogo dengan perspektif sosiologi hukum, mulai dari analisis konsep kewarisan, landasan hukum yang dipakai dan bagaimana hak-hak disabilitas dapat terpenuhi.
Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian lapangan, dengan pendekatan kualitatif induktif dan dilihat dari rumusan masalah yang diajukan mengambarkan penelitian ini bersifat nyata dan empiris sehingga peneliti dapat memahami hakikat kehidupan masyarakat Desa Karangpatihan, dengan data-data yang didapat melalui observasi, interview, dokumentasi dan triangulasi. Adapun tahapan-tahapan pengolahan data diantaranya adalah tahapan pemeriksaan ulang, klasifikasi data, analisis data dan kesimpulan. Analisis diulas dengan teori dan indikator-indikator sosiologi hukum dan kes impulan didapat dari menghubungkan hasil analisis data dengan rumusan masalah atau kegelisahan peneliti.
Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pertama, implementasi kewarisan pada keluarga penyandang disabilitas mempraktikkan konsep sendiri atau dengan konsep pembagian turun-temurun, yang mendapatkan harta waris secara sosiologis sesuai dengan konteks kemampuan di dalam pengetahuan, pemahaman, sikap dan perilaku keluarga penyandang disabilitas terhadap kewarisan. Selama bisa menjaga kerukunan, memenuhi kebutuhan harian dan tidak menimbulkan konflik. Kedua, perlindungan terhadap hak harta warisan pada keluarga penyandang disabilitas secara peribadi atau mandiri di dalam pelaksanaannya tidak memiliki kemampuan, tetapi dengan cara kolektivitas atau pemanfaatan harta bersama, dengan menggunakan konsep gotong-royong dalam menjaga aset harta warisan, tidak hanya penyandang disabilitas tetapi juga dibantu oleh kerabat, masyarakat dan perangkat desa.

Kata Kunci : Penyandang Disabilitas, Hukum Waris, Sosiologi Hukum

ABSTRACT

Arip Mahendra, NIM 503200004, 2022. Implementation of Inheritance in Families with Disabilities in Karangpatihan Village (Sociology of Law Perspective)

In the discussion of inheritance there are two important aspects, namely assets/properties and relatives/family. So, inheritance must be regulated in order to realize the justice of rights and obligations among the heirs. However, the heirs who have been stipulated in the inheritance law guidelines do not always have perfect mental and health or persons with disabilities. The heirs of persons with disabilities are implicitly explained as having the right to inherit, even though they see that persons with disabilities cannot carry out legal actions or an agreement and obligation, which in being an heir means that there is an obligation to manage the inheritance so that it is beneficial for the bereaved family. Thus, the researcher wants to further analyze how the implementation of inheritance in the community of Karangpatihan Village, Balong District, Ponorogo Regency with a legal sociology perspective, starting from an analysis of the concept of inheritance, the legal basis used and how disability rights can be fulfilled.
This research is a field research, with an inductive qualitative approach and seen from the formulation of the problem proposed to describe this research is real and empirical so that researchers can unde rstand the nature of the life of the people of Karangpatihan Village, with data obtained through observation, interviews, documentation and triangulation. The stages of data processing include the stages of re-examination, data classification, data analysis and conclusions. The analysis is reviewed with the theory and indicators of the sociology of law and conclusions are obtained from connecting the results of data analysis with the formulation of the problem or anxiety of the researcher.
The results of the study show that first, the implementation of inheritance in families with disabilities practices their own concept or with the concept of hereditary division, which gets inheritance sociologically according to the context of ability in the knowledge, understanding, attitudes and behavior of families with disabilities towards inheritance. As long as they can maintain harmony, meet daily needs and do not cause conflict. Second, the protection of inheritance rights for families with disabilities personally or independently in its implementation does not have the ability, but by means of collectivity or the use of joint assets, using the concept of gotong royong in maintaining inherited assets, not only for persons with disabilities but also assisted by relatives, community and village officials.

Keywords: Persons with Disabilities, Inheritance Law, Sociology of Law

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Thesis Supervisor: Ahmad Junaidi
Subjects: 18 LAW AND LEGAL STUDIES > 1899 Other Law and Legal Studies > 189999 Law and Legal Studies not elsewhere classified
Divisions: Program Pascasarjana > Program Studi Magister al-Ahwal al-Syakhshiyyah
Depositing User: Mr Perpustakaan IAIN Ponorogo
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2022 02:08
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2022 02:08
URI: http://etheses.iainponorogo.ac.id/id/eprint/18512

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